Monday, June 15, 2020

Top 6 proven cancer signs in male and female you must watch out for

CANCER symptoms are wide ranging and not always obvious, so it’s important to be aware of the main signs to look for. If this happens when you go to the toilet, see a doctor as it could be a sign of bowel cancer.

According to the NHS, more than one in three people will develop some form of cancer during their lifetime. There are more than 200 different types of cancer, each with different symptoms, although some symptoms can overlap.

The most common types of cancer are breast cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer and bowel cancer. Some symptoms of these cancers may seem obvious, such as a lump in your breast, but other symptoms are much more subtle, such as persistent heartburn.

There are three particular signs everyone should look out for when they go to the toilet, as while they may seem like simple tummy problems, they could be a sign of bowel cancer.

1. Lumps in the testicles

Most men (90%) with cancer of the testicle have a painless or uncomfortable lump on a testicle. Some men have an enlarged testicle.

Other conditions, such as infections and swollen veins, can also cause changes in your testicles, but any lump should be evaluated. Men are advised to conduct monthly testicular self-examinations.

2. Persistent Change in Bowel Habits

Changes in bowel habits to look out for include needing to go more often, looser stools and tummy pain when going to the toilet.

Changes in bowel habits are more likely to be a sign of IBS or a similar less serious bowel problem, but if they persist it’s vital to see a GP.

3. Abdominal Pain or Bloating

Stomach pain, discomfort or bloating associated with bowel cancer is always brought on by eating, and sometimes results in weight loss.

Bloating and stomach pain can be caused by overeating or eating food which is hard to digest, but if it is persistent, see a GP. Constipation, where you pass harder stools and struggle to go to the toilet easily, is rarely caused by bowel cancer, advises the NHS.

The symptoms of bowel cancer don’t necessarily make you feel ill, which is why they can easily be missed. Most people with the above symptoms won’t have bowel cancer, but it’s best to get them checked out in case.

According to the NHS, more than 90 per cent of people with bowel cancer have one of the three main symptoms.

4. Blood in the stool

A doctor always should investigate blood in your stool. Hemorrhoids frequently cause rectal bleeding, but because hemorrhoids are so common, they may exist with cancer. Therefore, even when you have hemorrhoids, you should have a doctor examine your entire intestinal tract when you have blood in your bowel movements.

With some individuals, X-ray studies may be enough to clarify a diagnosis. Colonoscopy is usually recommended. Routine colonoscopy, even without symptoms, is recommended once you are 50 years old. Sometimes when the source of bleeding is entirely clear (for example, recurrent ulcers), these studies may not be needed.

5. Unexplained anemia (low blood count)

Anemia is a condition in which people have fewer than the expected number of red blood cells in their blood. Anemia should always be investigated. There are many kinds of anemia, but blood loss almost always causes iron deficiency anemia. Unless there is an obvious source of ongoing blood loss, this anemia needs to be explained.

Many cancers can cause anemia, but bowel cancers most commonly cause iron deficiency anemia. Evaluation should include endoscopy or X-ray studies of your upper and lower intestinal tracts.

6. Breast lump or breast discharge

Most breast lumps are noncancerous tumors such as fibroadenomas or cysts. But all breast lumps need to be thoroughly investigated for the possibility of breast cancer.

 A negative mammogram result is not usually sufficient to evaluate a breast lump. Your doctor needs to determine the appropriate X-ray study which might include an MRI or an ultrasound of the breast.

Generally, diagnosis requires a needle aspiration or biopsy (a small tissue sample). Discharge from a breast is common, but some forms of discharge may be signs of cancer. If discharge is bloody or from only one nipple, further evaluation is recommended. Women are advised to conduct monthly breast self-examinations.

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